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Codes and restatements of Halakhah

Page history last edited by PBworks 16 years, 4 months ago

Since Jewish laws are found in several places (Torah, Talmud, Tosefta, etc.) early rabbis and scholars tried to compile the various laws together in one source. These works include the Mishneh Torah, Shulhan Arukh, and the Tur.

 

Mishneh Torah (Yad ha-Hazakah)

The Mishneh Torah was written by Moses ben Maimon (also known as Maimonides or Rambam) in the late 12th century in Egypt. Because the Mishneh Torah is divided into 14 (i.e. yod+dalet) parts, it is also known as the Yad (yod+dalet) ha-Hazakah. The sections are: Ha-Mada' (Knowledge), Ahavah (Love [of God]), Zemanim (Times, holidays), Nashim (Women), Kedushah (Holiness), Hafla'ah (Separation), Zera'im (Seeds, agriculture), Avodah (Divine Service), Korbanot (Offerings), Tohorah (Ritual purity), Nezikin (Injuries), Kinyan (Acquisition), Mishpatim (Civil law), Shofetim (Judges).

 

On the Shelf

BM 520.84 (in this call number you will find original texts first, then translations, then criticism and commentaries)

 

Halakhot by Isaac ben Jacob Alfasi

Isaac ben Jacob Alfasi (also know as Rif from Rabbi Isaac Al-Fasi) was born in 1013 near the city of Fez in Morocco (thus he was know as al-Fasi - the "Fezite.") Alfasi's Halakhot is a digest of the Talmud.  He compiled all the legal decisions from the tractates in the orders of Moed, Nashim and Nezikin as well as the tractates of Berachot and Chulin. He left out the aggadic material as well as the legal decisions that only applied in the land of Israel.

 

On the Shelf

BM 520.82 (in this call number you will find original texts first, then translations, then criticism and commentaries)

 

Arba'ah Turim by Jacob ben Asher

Arba'ah Turim (also known as the Tur) was written by Jacob ben Asher (a.k.a. Ba'al ha-turim, "author of the Turim") "Tur" means row, and this work is divided into four rows, or sections: Orach Chayim (laws of synagogue, prayer, holidays, etc) ; Yoreh De'ah (laws of ritual slaughter, and kashrut) ; Even ha-ezer (marriage, divorce) ; Choshen Mishpat (business and finance.) In the Tur, Jacob ben Asher expanded on work on the Halakhot by Alfasi.  He compared Alfasi's text with Tosefists and Maimonides.

 

On the Shelf

BM 520.86 (in this call number you will find original texts first, then translations, then criticism and commentaries)

 

 Bet Yosef & Shulhan 'Arukh by Joseph ben Ephraim Karo

 While best known for his Shulhan 'Aruckh, Joseph ben Ephraim Karo's master work was actually the Bet Yosef, an expansive commentary on the Arba'ah Turim.  Arranged into the same 4 sections as the Tur,  the Bet Yosef, examines each legal decision mentioned in the Tur and compiles all the pertinent discussion from many different legal sources.

 

Years after the publication of the Bet Yosef, Karo put together a sort of students guide/digest of the Bet Yosef, and called it the Shulhan 'Arukh ("the set table")

 

On the Shelf

BM 520.88 (in this call number you will find original texts first, then translations, then criticism and commentaries)

 

Online

Bar Ilan Responsa Project

Includes the Hebrew texts of the Tanakh, Talmuds, early commentaries, and many responsa. Basic searching is available to anyone, but advanced features are only available to subscribers.  The HUC community can access the full features through the Jewish Studies Portal

http://www.responsa.co.il/

 

Daily study at Chabad.org

Includes Hebrew text and audi files.

http://www.chabad.org/dailystudy/rambam.htm

 

Mishneh Torah at Mechon Mamre

Hebrew text.  There is an English translation available of the preface.

http://www.mechon-mamre.org/i/0.htm

 

Jewish texts at Snunit

Includes the Hebrew texts of the Tanakh, Mishnah, Tosefta, Talmud Bavli, Talmud Yerushalmi, and Mishneh Torah

http://kodesh.snunit.k12.il/i/0.htm

 

Treasures of the Library (JNUL)

Writings of Maimonides - manuscript and early print editions

http://jnul.huji.ac.il/dl/mss/html/rambam_l.htm

 

Shulchan Aruch - Torah.org

Contains English summary of Orach Hayim and Yoreh De'ah.

http://www.torah.org/advanced/shulchan-aruch/

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